Vitamin B12 importance, Effect, Disadvantage, Vitamin B12 Food

Vitamin B12 Importance | Vitamin B12 Work

Vitamin b12 also known as cobalamin. Is an important vitamin that is required for all individuals and getting the right amount of B12 is a major driving factor in acquiring and maintaining optimal health. Vitamin B12 helps make DNA and red blood cells. It is also required for proper neurological function and maintenance of healthy nerve cells.

Getting enough vitamin B12 may be a concern. if you are eating a plant-based diet. But do not worry, we'll be showing you how easy it is to get it. In this blog we'll be exploring what vitamin B12 does in the body, how we can acquire through different sources, and what happens if you don't get enough B12 in your diet. 

How Vitamin B12 works in the body:

Once digested, vitamin B12 is absorbed by the small intestine. Through intestinal cells it is then transported through the blood to the tissues of the body. Vitamin B12 is stored in the liver and because a healthy human requires such a small amount per day the liver stores a sufficient amount to cover the body's daily need for several years.

Vitamin B12 is very important to the human body because it is a co enzyme. In order to understand what a coenzyme is we must first understand enzymes. Enzymes are proteins that accelerate the rate at which chemical reactions occur in the body. Some require co enzymes to properly function. Therefore, a coenzyme is a small organic or inorganic helper molecule that an enzyme requires for proper activity. 

Vitamin B12 acts as a co enzyme to 2 enzymes in human cells. Methionine synthase and methyl malonyl Coenzyme A (CoA) synthase. The first, methionine synthase is an enzyme that helps to create the molecule methionine. Methionine is an amino acid important in producing and protecting. DNA and affecting proper gene expression. It also aids in the production and preservation of myelin sheath around neurons.

The myelin shea this a fatty white substance found surrounding neurons or nerve cells acting as insulation for nerve signal and it is very essential for proper nursing no transmission. 

The second enzyme, methylmalonyl CoAsynthase creates a molecule known as succinyl-CoA. This molecule plays an important role in the production of energy for the body from fats and proteins. It also aids in the production of hemoglobin, which is a protein that transports oxygen in the blood.This means that vitamin B12 also aids in the formation of red blood cells. 

Vitamin B12 effect on Body:

Vitamin B12 is an essential vitamin that the body cannot make itself. Vitamin B12 is also known as cobalamin. Our body is dependent on diet to get vitamin B12 regularly. Vitamin B12 remains stored in the liver so that if there is a slight deficiency in it, it can be replenished. When the amount of vitamin B12 is very low, only then the more serious symptoms start to appear and it may be possible for years to happen.

Damage of vitamin B12 in Body

Vitamins like minerals, carbohydrates, protein and fiber are also very important for staying healthy. Although all vitamins are very important for us, but if vitamin B-12 is deficient in the body, memory can be weak. With this, man becomes a victim of insanity. Apart from these, there are some signs of deficiency of this vitamin. Let's know the side effects of Vitamin B-12.

Skin yellowing by Vitamin B12:

Due to deficiency of Vitamin B12, strong cells are not formed in the body. This causes the skin to turn yellow. If the color of your body is also becoming yellow, then it is a sign of vitamin B-12 deficiency. 

Being a victim of insanity by Vitamin B12:

Lack of this vitamin causes memory loss. Not only this, if it is deficient in youth, then a person can become a victim of insanity.

Eye fatigue by Vitamin B12:

 If there is deficiency of this vitamin in the body, oxygen does not reach the blood properly. Fatigue in the eyes due to lack of oxygen.

Numbness of hands and feet by Vitamin B12:

Lack of vitamin B12 causes lack of oxygen in the body. This causes problems such as dizziness and numbness of hands and feet. 

Bladder and stomach damage by Vitamin B12:

 Deficiency of vitamin B12 can also damage the stomach and bladder.

Symptoms of Lack of Vitamin B12:

Trouble remembering and always confused
 
Fatigue

 Constipation and weight loss

 Loss of appetite 

 depression.

 Numbness of hands and feet

 Difficulty balancing.

 Shivering and then shutting down.

Some vitamin b12 food list:

 1. It is mostly found in non-vegetarians. Chicken, beef, pork etc. all types of meats contain vitamin B-12.

 2. Haddock and tuna fish are rich in vitamin B12. 

3. In vegetarian food, this vitamin is also present in milk, curd and cheese.

4. An adequate amount of vitamin B-12 is also found in eggs. Additionally, vitamin B-12 supplements are available in medical stores and online, but be sure to consult a doctor before taking them. Now that you know how important vitamin B-12 is to you, include its source in your diet. It is very important that you have a balanced diet.

Vitamin B12 deficiency in Body:

Early stage of vitamin B12 deficiency can include mild symptoms such as fatigue, weakness, and a general sense of tiredness. If left untreated the deficiency can lead to symptoms such as tingling, pins and needles sensation in the hands and feet, muscle weakness, shortness of breath and heart palpitations.

Late stage of vitamin B12 deficiency symptoms include more serious nerve damage, neurological damage, and digestive damage. 

Symptoms of nerve damage include increased tingling and numbness in hands and feet, increased muscle weakness, loss of reflexes andbalance, and trouble walking.

Neurological problems can include confusion, dementia, depression, and memory loss.

The digestive tract may also be affected causing symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, heartburn, enlarged liver, and a smooth thick and red tongue.

Some people have an auto immune disease called pernicious anemia in which their body destroys the intrinsic factor which is a protein necessary for absorption of B12.  these individuals would experience theselate-stage symptoms.

People with certain conditions such as inflammatory boweldisease or celiac disease are more susceptible to B12 deficiency since their conditions interfere with food absorption.

How We get Vitamin B12:

Well vitamin B12 is unique among all the vitamins in that it is almost exclusively found in foods derived for animals. For those who eat reasonable amount of animal derived foods are most likely to have adequate intake including vegetarians who consume eggs and milk products. 

There commended daily intake of B12 for adults is 2.4 micrograms and for pregnant women it is 2.6 micrograms.

 Examples of good food sources of B12 are: meat, fish, shellfish, cheese, eggs, and milk.

Vegans who restrict their diet to exclude all animal derived foods must obtain B12 from either B12 fortified soy products or supplements. 

Examples of these fortified food sources are: almond and coconut milk, some breakfast cereals,nutritional yeast, and sea algae such as spirulina. It is important to note that using the microwave to heat or cook foods with vitamin B12 in activates the vitamin.

So to preserve the vitamin remember to use the oven or stove top to cook or heat meat and milk products. 

If you believe you are not getting enough vitamin B12 in your diet, speak to your doctor about dietary supplements of vitamin B12. These usually contain cyano cobalamin which is a crystalline form of vitamin B12 that the body readily converts to active forms and then canuse.

Vitamin B12 importance, Effect, Disadvantage, Vitamin B12 Food

Treatment of Vitamin B12 for Diagnosis:

The first is intra muscular injections which, just like the flu shot, involves inserting a needle into the muscle. This needle contains either a cyanocobalamin or hydroxocobalamin which is a natural form of cobalamin. This injection is given every day or every other day for one to two weeks. After this a maintenance dosage must be given every one to three months. 

The second treatment is oral therapy which involves taking a tablet containing cyanocobalamin every day for one to two weeks. A maintenance dose must then be taken every day for life. This treatment has been shown to be safe, sufficient and it's effective as intra muscular injections even for those who havepernicious anemia. Although both oral and injectable vitamin B12 are effective means of replacement, injectable therapy leads to more rapid improvement and should be considered in patients with a severe deficiency or severe neurological symptoms. 

The last treatment is nasal therapy and his less studied than the first two. Nasal therapy involves a gel formulation of hydroxocobalamin or cyanocobalamin administered into the nose and it results in fast nasal absorption which leads to maintained increase of vitamin B12 concentrations in the body. After the diagnosis of vitamin B12 deficiency has been made anda treatment plan has been initiated follow up with the physician is important to determine the patient's response to therapy and to modify the treatment plan according to the patient's need.

Always remember to speak to your doctor about what is the best course of treatment for you before taking any supplementation.